Researchers developed a versatile yet affordable battery membrane—from a class of polymers known as AquaPIMs. This class of polymers makes long-lasting and low-cost grid batteries possible based solely on readily available materials such as zinc, iron, and water. Read more »
Xining Zang et al. develop a self‐assembly process to synthesize 2D transition metal carbides (TMCs). The metal ions (Mo, Co, W) self‐organize within a gelatin template into a lamellar nanostructure. Subsequent carbonization at moderate temperatures in a reducing atmosphere yields ultrathin 2D‐TMC sheets with high conductivity and rich active sites ideal for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Read more »
In the search for high-efficiency organic solar cells, additives often play an important role in improving the film morphology. Liquid additives, while often effective, evaporate or migrate over time. Herein, Liu et al. report a solid photoactive molecular mediator that could be employed to replace the liquid additives to tune the morphology of bulk heterojunction films for improved device performance. Read more »
Lead halide perovskites have emerged as high-performance photovoltaic materials, demonstrating remarkably rapid improvements in efficiency. In situ printing and time-resolved x-ray characterization have provided new insights into the relationship between device efficiency, perovskite crystallinity, and film morphology. Read more »
With the help of four different ALS beamlines, scientists were able to understand and improve the morphology of the main device structure in organic photovoltaic cells. Read more »
Time-resolved scattering measurements reveal the complete solidification process inside the photoactive layer of an organic solar cell. With an industrial slot-die coater integrated into the beamline, aggregation and crystallization processes can be tracked to reveal the structure-function relationships in the final thin film. Read more »
Using in situ x-ray characterization and a custom-made slot-die coater at Beamline 7.3.3, the cross-linking of polymer molecules in the active layer of an organic solar cell during the printing process could be observed.
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